Dr. Leonard Hofstadter, a physicist at Caltech, got his PhD at the age of 24 thanks to his 173 IQ.  Leonard lives with his best friend and co-worker Sheldon.

Leonard is definitely the most social of his nerd group of friends and has a crush on their neighbor, Penny.  Leonard went on a date wih Penny at the end of season one, but it didn't work out due to their insecurities.

During the third season of Big Bang, Leonard returned from his artic expedition with the guys and began dating Penny.

Leonard Hofstadter Quotes

Sheldon: Why on earth are you telling me all this?
Leonard: Sometimes you movements are so lifelike I forget you're not a real boy.

You have to propose to me.

Leonard [to Penny]

TBBT Quotes

It's very simple. Scissors cuts paper, paper covers rock, rock crushes lizard, lizard poisons Spock, Spock smashes scissors, scissors decapitates lizard, lizard eats paper, paper disproves Spock, Spock vaporizes rock, and, as it always has, rock crushes scissors

Sheldon

Amy: Sheldon, there's something else I've been wanting to say, but before I do, I just... I want you to know that you don't have to say it back.I know you're not ready, and I don't want you to say it just because social convention dictates...
Sheldon: I love you, too.
Amy: You said it.
Sheldon: There's no denying I have feelings for you that can't be explained in any other way. I briefly considered that I had a brain parasite. But that seems even more far-fetched. The only conclusion was love.